How to remove systemd from a Debian jessie/sid installation

From Without Systemd
Revision as of 13:01, 9 September 2015 by Hh85 (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Switching to old good SysV init

First install the SysV init packages

# apt-get install sysvinit-core sysvinit sysvinit-utils

Then reboot your machine and remove all of the systemd packages. BE AWARE that the following command removes packages that depend on systemd itself or things like libpam-systemd!

# apt-get remove --purge --auto-remove systemd

Prevent apt from installing systemd packages in the future.

# echo -e 'Package: systemd\nPin: origin ""\nPin-Priority: -1' > /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd

Prevent apt from installing any systemd like packages in the future (note the star before and after systemd)

# echo -e '\n\nPackage: *systemd*\nPin: origin ""\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd

Note: This prevents the installation of the package systemd-shim as well. However this is a emulation of systemd functions, so you can install software which depends on systemd. So if you get "Package systemd-shim is not available, but is referred to by another package." you might temporary disable the three lines in the preferences.d/systemd file.

In the case your system uses multiarch (mixed 32 and 64bit packages), you need to pin the 64bit version of systemd too. Otherwise apt-get could still install it as dependency later.

# echo -e '\nPackage: systemd:amd64\nPin: origin ""\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd

In other multiarch cases where amd64 is the default architecture, you may have to pin the i386 package to prevent APT from installing it:

# echo -e '\nPackage: systemd:i386\nPin: origin ""\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd


To enable polkit based stuff (suspend, hibernate, mount via gvfs etc.):

Warning: tested with lightdm on jessie only!

a) add wheezy repo to apt lists

# echo deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free >/etc/apt/sources.list.d/wheezy.list

b) pin essential packages to wheezy

# echo -e '\n\nPackage: policykit-1\nPin: origin "wheezy"\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd
# echo -e '\n\nPackage: libpolkit-*\nPin: origin "wheezy"\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd
# echo -e '\n\nPackage: upower\nPin: origin "wheezy"\nPin-Priority: -1' >> /etc/apt/preferences.d/systemd

Note: for multiarch system you may need also to pin 64bit and i386 versions separately as mentioned above.

c) install polkit-1 with libs, upower and udisks (not udisks2!)

# apt-get update && apt-get install polkit-1 libpolkit-agent-1-0 libpolkit-backend-1-0 libpolkit-gobject-1-0 upower udisks

d) install policykit authentication agent depending on what DE you use

for GNOME or XFCE4:

# apt-get install policykit-1-gnome

for MATE:

# apt-get install mate-polkit

for LXDE: (lxpolkit is already included to lxsession package)

e) reboot or restart your *dm service

Personal tools